This form of oligarchical government was elected by Spartan citizens who were over thirty years of age. Ancient Athens was the centre for the arts, philosophy, and learning. On the other hand, the ruler of Athens is elected annually. What is Athens     – Society, Governance, Athenians2. Athens was a centre of arts, learning and philosophy, whereas Sparta was a warrior society. The city got its name after Athena, the Goddess of warfare and wisdom. Sparta was a warrior society; society was mainly based on loyalty to the state and military power. Polis, plural poleis, ancient Greek city-state. Thus, because both parts of Athens' government had leaders who were elected, Athens is said to have been the birthplace of democracy. Tyrants Could Be Benevolent. The main similarity between Athens and Sparta was their form of government, which featured an elected assembly whose members came from among the people; the primary difference between the two cities came from their way of life, as Spartan life was simple and ascetic, while Athenian life was more highly creative. “Sparta.” History.com, A&E Television Networks, 12 Nov. 2009, Available here. Both forms of government ensured that every person was within the law, none could escape. Introduction In this paper, we saw that Athens and Sparta were both Greek cities. Most city-states in Greece started out by having monarchies, then oligarchies, then tyrannies and then democracies, but at each period ancient Greek government included plenty of city-states using a different system. Foreign policy of Athens underwent a complete change after the ostracism of Cimon. The city-states in Greece were established some time around the 9th century BC. Sparta did not like the way tyranny worked so they produced a different form of government. The main difference between Athens and Sparta is their government, economy, and society. Though these are not very far away from each other, there are many differences between these two states. With this in mind though, the structures of Athenss and Spartas governments were not totally dissimilar. An oligarchy is a system of political power controlled by a select group of individuals, … How could Sparta compete with that? Because of this, a series of tyrants came to power, either taking it by force or by the will of the people. In addition, manual labour in the city was all done by slaves, allowing Spartan men more time to engage in military pursuits. Athens was the centre for arts, learning and philosophy while Sparta was a warrior state. Ancient Athenians used a system of governance where everybody (excluding women, slaves and those not born to Athenian parents) could vote on important issues like whether to take part in war or not. How did Athenian foreign policy change under Pericles? For girls, school was also very similar. 1. Because the Spartan government wanted Spartans to be tough and strong, they weren't given enough food or clothing, so they were encouraged to steal, but if they were caught they were beaten. The Agora, which was a large open area for meetings, was the centre of commerce and government in Athens. Her areas of interests include literature, language, linguistics and also food. Though these are not very far away from each other, there are many differences between these two states. Spartan life was simple. Athens was fundamentally a democracy; Sparta was an oligarchy. In … Home » Public » People » History » What is the Difference Between Athens and Sparta. Ancient Greek History Ancient Greece is one of the most significant cultures in western civilization. Mark, Joshua J. “Ancient sparta theater” By Κούμαρης Νικόλαος (Attribution) via Commons Wikimedia. Sparta has had two rulers in recent times, who ruled until they died. We tend to look at the ancient Greek city-state of Spartaas being a warrior society, which it was, but also as less sophisticated than intellectual centers like Athens. What are the Similarities Between Athens and Sparta     – Outline of Common Features4. How did the Greek view of government differ from the views of other ancient civilizations?A.The Greeks believed that a good and virtuous king would inspire people to be good citizens.B.The Greeks believed that the gods gave ruling power to certain individuals.C.The Greeks believed that people could The ancient Greek cities called the "Poleis," were city-sates, which signifies that they have their own government. However, the Athenian monarchy did not last very long. The main difference between Athens and Sparta is that Athens was a form of democracy, whereas Sparta was a form of oligarchy. This council would meet and … Although there are thousands of democracies today, our system is quite different from the type of democracy practiced in ancient Greece. From around the 9th into the 8th centuries, a king, or “basileus,” ruled the city-state with a group of nobles under him. This site is using cookies under cookie policy. Sparta reached the height of its power after defeating Athens in the Peloponnesian War in 404 BC. Spartan government- Mix of democracy, oligarchy, and monarchy, had an elected council of members, had 2 kings, had an assembly with less power. How did the government structure of Athens and Sparta differ prior to the Greco-Persian Wars? It was the place where people got together to discuss philosophy and politics. An oligarchy meant the ruling power was in the hands of only a few people. Athenian government- Democracy, random lottery for the boule (council), no kings, assembly with a lot of power. The republic of Rome and the democracy of Athens, while similar, varied in principle and practice. So, this is also called the Age of Pericles. Spartan women were educated and could own and manage property, unlike Athenian women. The city of Athens reached its golden era under the leadership of Pericles (461 to 429 BC). Athens and Sparta are two prominent Greek rival city-states. “Athens.” Ancient History Encyclopedia, 7 Nov. 2019, Available here.3. From a very young age, boys entered a rigorous state-sponsored education, military training and socialization program known as the Agoge. Both states had their own government system that had ensured the welfare of their citizens. Athens is the Greek city-state that is considered to be the cradle of civilization and the home to democracy. Ancient Greece is often referred to as the birthplace of Western democracy. Athens had a form of democracy where every free Athenian male over 18 years old was considered citizens while Sparta had an oligarchic government. Sparta was ruled by two kings, who ruled until they died or were forced out of office. There were several hundred poleis, the history and constitutions of most of which are known only sketchily if at all. Unlike the Athenian government the Spartans didn't use tyranny or any form Athenian democracy. ?​, Indicate the decision taken in the second SAARC Summit (Banglore) 16 Nov, 1986(A) Inflation be curbed(B) A permanent Secretariat was to be set up at K Sparta and Athens had similar forms of government; both city states were in part governed by elected assemblies. https://quizlet.com/28420284/world-history-chapter-5-section-2-flash-cards Today’s version of democracy is voting for representatives who rule us, but the Greeks had far more hands on participation in their version of democracy. Athens was fragmented by many different factors: rioting, unrest, and general public disapproval of the government. Ancient Greek civilization - Ancient Greek civilization - Sparta and Athens: Prominent among the states that never experienced tyranny was Sparta, a fact remarked on even in antiquity. Spartan society, on the other hand, was a militant society whose economy was based on farming and conquering. Later, many temples and buildings were also built there. Spartan: Sparta had a highly unusual system of government. Who was the leader of Physical ForceChartists Party in England ?​, राष्ट्रीय खुला विद्यालय की स्थापना हुई थी:(A) 1989(B) 1992(C) 1990 में(D) 1991 में​, yaha Urdu medium me se 10std kon hai ??? On the other hand, oligarchy (rule by a few) was the form of government practiced in Spartan … It is also the home of Plato’s Academy and Aristotle’s Lyceum. Spartan women had more status and freedom than Athenian women. The main difference between Athens and Sparta is their government, economy, and society. The Spartans formed a very complex government mixing democracy and oligarchy, and this form of government was a model for other poleis. Sparta, on the other hand, was a prominent city-state in Greece that rose to become the dominant military land-power in the region. The democratic government in Athens, though de cently equal, fair and fairly advanced for its time, did not meet the needs of the Greeks. The Parthenon, the temple built for Athena, sits on top of a hill in the centre of the city. These two states had powerful military forces. Athenian society, which was based on trade, valued art and culture and was ruled under a form of democracy. Both states used many slaves. Two kings ruled the city, but a 28-member 'council of elders' limited their powers. You can specify conditions of storing and accessing cookies in your browser. “SpartaGreatRhetra” By Publius97 at en.wikipedia (CC BY-SA 3.0) via Commons Wikimedia4. Athens: Athens was direct, rather than representative: any adult male citizen over the age of 20 could take part, and it was a duty to do so. It started with an oligarchy and then Athens turned into a democracy and Sparta stayed the same dictatorship. Lycurgus had conceived also political institutions, established after consulting with the Delphic oracle. Hasa has a BA degree in English, French and Translation studies. Sparta is also a major city-state in ancient Greece. Moreover, Athens’ economy was mainly based on trade, whereas Sparta’s economy was based on agriculture and conquering. Democracy in Greece could be described as the rule of the people by the people. However, today, we use the name Sparta to refer to the city-state. Oligarchy. “Map ancient Athens” By Singinglemon – Own work (Public Domain) via Commons Wikimedia3. Bronze Age kings. She is currently reading for a Masters degree in English. Sparta did not necessarily depend more on slaves than Athens; the Helots were held in servitude as a means of keeping them subjected rather than a source for servants. 2. In fact, Sparta was a leading force of the Greek military during the Greco-Persian Wars. ; Athens core ideals were based on development, trade, intellect, and … Athens was ruled by archons, who wereelected annually. Also, neither employed the fundamental idea of autocracy a sole, omnipote… Spartan society, on the other hand, was a militant society whose economy was based on farming and conquering. Athens, on the other hand, shaped democracy in ancient Greece. To ancient Athenians, "tyrant" did not have the same negative connotations that it does today. Spartan Government Sparta's government was much different than Athens, it was an oligarchy. Moreover, Athens had a powerful navy, whereas Sparta had a powerful land-army. It was built as a fortress where people could retreat to when the city is attacked. Athenian society, which was based on trade, valued art and culture and was ruled under a form of democracy. Athens focusing on its politics while Sparta focused on military. The officials of the democracy were in part elected by the Assembly and in large part chosen by lottery in a process called sortition. When we think of tyrants, we think of oppressive, autocratic rulers. Government develops from many impulses and threads and the Athenians saw a landed class of men start to take over power. …, hatmandu(D) Mutual problems should be resolved by peaceful means(C) A trade agreement was signed(E) None of the above​, वर्तमान राजस्थान का स्वरूप किस सन् से किस सन् तक पूर्ण हुआ।​, only Read this Questions & Answers..​. Well, the Spartans may not have invented a political structure we widely use today, but that doesn't mean they weren't also being innovative with their government. In fact, it is said that each state had about a hundred thousand salves. Their ideas, habits, and daily activities were majorly impacted by the community they lived in. In Sparta, both boys and girls received physical training to stay fit. The small state in Greece originated probably from the natural divisions of the country by mountains and the sea and from the original local tribal (ethnic) and cult divisions. Athenian democracy developed around the fifth century B.C.E. Main Differences Between Athens and Sparta. Athens was the birthplace of modern democracy, after all. The city-state was actually known as Lacedaemon, while the name Sparta itself referred to the main settlement on the banks of the Eurotas River in Laconia, in south-eastern Peloponnese. Athens and Sparta are two prominent Greek rival city-states. Athens is considered to be the home of western civilization.Sparta is not considered as home to any modern civilization. What is the Difference Between Athens and Sparta     – Comparison of Key Differences. In Athens, boys received a well-rounded education, but girls were only taught household chores. The Greek idea of democracy was different from present-day democracy because, in Athens, all adult citizens were required to take an active part in the government. Thus, because both parts of Athens' government had leaders who were elected, Athens is said to have been the birthplace of democracy. Similar to Athens, Sparta also had an assembly, but the important desicions were made by a group called the Council Of Elders. This differed from Spartas rule by the few, which allowed for much less say from the people next to none, in fact. The two city-states that never did become democracies or tyrannies at all city-state... 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